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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:46:56 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03938
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA
Description(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA has a role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. It is involved in fatty acid elongation in mitochondria. In this pathway 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoA is acted upon by two enzymes, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and long-chain-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase to produce (S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA. Since coenzyme A is chemically a thiol, it can react with carboxylic acids to form thioesters, thus functioning as an acyl group carrier. It assists in transferring fatty acids from the cytoplasm to mitochondria. A molecule of coenzyme A carrying an acetyl group is also referred to as acetyl-CoA. When it is not attached to an acyl group it is usually referred to as CoASH or HSCoA.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-3-Hydroxydecanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxydecanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3S-Hydroxy-decanoyl-CoAHMDB
3S-Hydroxy-decanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
b-Hydroxydecanoyl coenzyme AHMDB
beta-Hydroxydecanoyl coenzyme AHMDB
DL-b-Hydroxydecanoyl coenzyme AHMDB
DL-beta-Hydroxydecanoyl coenzyme AHMDB
S-(3-HydroxydecanoateHMDB
S-(3-Hydroxydecanoate) CoAHMDB
S-(3-Hydroxydecanoate) coenzyme AHMDB
S-(3-Hydroxydecanoate)CoAHMDB
S-(3-Hydroxydecanoate)coenzyme AHMDB
S-(3-Hydroxydecanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC31H54N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight937.783
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight937.245888185
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxydecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name(S)-3-hydroxydecanoyl-coa
CAS Registry Number6245-70-1
SMILES
CCCCCCC[C@H](O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H](C(O)[C@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C31H54N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-19(39)14-22(41)60-13-12-33-21(40)10-11-34-29(44)26(43)31(2,3)16-53-59(50,51)56-58(48,49)52-15-20-25(55-57(45,46)47)24(42)30(54-20)38-18-37-23-27(32)35-17-36-28(23)38/h17-20,24-26,30,39,42-43H,4-16H2,1-3H3,(H,33,40)(H,34,44)(H,48,49)(H,50,51)(H2,32,35,36)(H2,45,46,47)/t19-,20+,24?,25-,26-,30+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=HIVSMYZAMUNFKZ-WQUYVQPTSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 3-hydroxyacyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a 3-hydroxyl acylated coenzyme A derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent3-hydroxyacyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-1.219Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.25 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.31ALOGPS
logP-4.4ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count28ChemAxon
Refractivity210.56 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability87.9 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912101104-e68576ec41a01a4493b0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0931400000-9d5e56a46993e0feaed8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900101000-3bf523a37d679f13333fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-017r-2911030304-9f3643027fe9f8830513View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-2911110001-b12adbca1de54d3563d8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900000000-25ae0704fa36fc9ea146View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (I)SMP00538Not Available
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (II)SMP00541Not Available
Ethylmalonic EncephalopathySMP00181Not Available
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaSMP00054map00062
Fatty acid MetabolismSMP00051map00071
Glutaric Aciduria Type ISMP00185Not Available
Long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCAD)SMP00539Not Available
Long-chain-3-hydroxyacyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD)SMP00544Not Available
Medium chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD)SMP00542Not Available
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Medium Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00481Not Available
Short Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SCAD Deficiency)SMP00235Not Available
Trifunctional protein deficiencySMP00545Not Available
Very-long-chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCAD)SMP00540Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023257
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17220838
KEGG Compound IDC05264
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03938
Metagene LinkHMDB03938
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound16061159
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28325
References
Synthesis ReferenceQi, Q.; Steinbuchel, A.; Rehm, B. H. A. In vitro synthesis of poly(3-hydroxydecanoate): purification and enzymatic characterization of type II polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases PhaC1 and PhaC2 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (2000), 54(1), 37-43.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Functions in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Part of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, an enzyme composed of MRPP1/TRMT10C, MRPP2/HSD17B10 and MRPP3/KIAA0391, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends. By interacting with intracellular amyloid-beta, it may contribute to the neuronal dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD).
Gene Name:
HSD17B10
Uniprot ID:
Q99714
Molecular weight:
25983.695
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Plays an essential role in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain fatty acids. Exerts it highest activity toward 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HADH
Uniprot ID:
Q16836
Molecular weight:
36035.11
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715