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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:48:28 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:12:50 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03940
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA
DescriptionCoenzyme A is notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. Since coenzyme A is chemically a thiol, it can react with carboxylic acids to form thioesters, thus functioning as an acyl group carrier. It assists in transferring fatty acids from the cytoplasm to mitochondria. Specifically (S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA is involved in fatty acid metabolism. It is the product of a reaction between 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoA and two enzymes; 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase and long-chain- 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. (S)-3-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA
  2. (S)-3-Hydroxyoctanoyl-Coenzyme A
Chemical FormulaC29H50N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight909.73
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight909.214588057
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyoctanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,3R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyoctanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxyphosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number79171-48-5
SMILES
[H][C@](O)(CCCCC)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@]([H])(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H](C(O)[C@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C29H50N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-17(37)12-20(39)58-11-10-31-19(38)8-9-32-27(42)24(41)29(2,3)14-51-57(48,49)54-56(46,47)50-13-18-23(53-55(43,44)45)22(40)28(52-18)36-16-35-21-25(30)33-15-34-26(21)36/h15-18,22-24,28,37,40-41H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,31,38)(H,32,42)(H,46,47)(H,48,49)(H2,30,33,34)(H2,43,44,45)/t17-,18+,22?,23-,24-,28+/m0/s1
InChI KeyATVGTMKWKDUCMS-FZQVHTIWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassFatty Acid Esters
Sub ClassAcyl CoAs
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Carboxylic Thioester
  • Coenzyme A
  • Disaccharide Phosphate
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Other Mixed Disaccharide
  • Oxolane
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Purine Ribonucleoside 3',5' Bisphosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
  • Thiocarboxylic Acid Ester
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-2.119Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.44 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.03ALOGPS
logP-5.3ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count26ChemAxon
Refractivity201.36ChemAxon
Polarizability84.67ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaSMP00054map00062
Fatty acid MetabolismSMP00051map00071
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Medium Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00481Not Available
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Short Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00480Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023259
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC05266
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03940
Metagene LinkHMDB03940
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477508
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28632
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Functions in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Part of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, an enzyme composed of MRPP1/TRMT10C, MRPP2/HSD17B10 and MRPP3/KIAA0391, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends. By interacting with intracellular amyloid-beta, it may contribute to the neuronal dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD).
Gene Name:
HSD17B10
Uniprot ID:
Q99714
Molecular weight:
25983.695
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Plays an essential role in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain fatty acids. Exerts it highest activity toward 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HADH
Uniprot ID:
Q16836
Molecular weight:
36035.11
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715