Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA (HMDB03942)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2006-08-13 01:49:56 -0600
Update Date 2013-04-25 14:42:27 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Metabolite Identification
Common Name (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA
Description (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid metabolism, being the substrate of the enzymes beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC]; (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, the substrate of the enzymes enoyl-CoA hydratase and long-chain-enoyl-CoA hydratase [EC]. (KEGG).
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
  1. (S)-3-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA
  2. (S)-3-Hydroxyhexanoyl-Coenzyme A
  3. S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate
  4. S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate)CoA
  5. S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate)Coenzyme A
  6. S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoic acid
  7. [R,S]-Lactyl CoA
  8. [R,S]-Lactyl Coenzyme A
Chemical Formula C27H46N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight 881.677
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 881.183287929
IUPAC Name {[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyhexanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name [(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyhexanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number 5060-32-2
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/C27H46N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-15(35)10-18(37)56-9-8-29-17(36)6-7-30-25(40)22(39)27(2,3)12-49-55(46,47)52-54(44,45)48-11-16-21(51-53(41,42)43)20(38)26(50-16)34-14-33-19-23(28)31-13-32-24(19)34/h13-16,20-22,26,35,38-39H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,29,36)(H,30,40)(H,44,45)(H,46,47)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,41,42,43)/t15-,16+,20+,21+,22?,26+/m0/s1
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Lipids
Class Fatty Acid Esters
Sub Class Acyl CoAs
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Fatty acyl CoAs(KEGG)
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Carboxylic Thioester
  • Coenzyme A
  • Disaccharide Phosphate
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Mixed Pentose/Hexose Disaccharide
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Purine Ribonucleoside 3',5' Bisphosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
  • Thiocarboxylic Acid Ester
Direct Parent Acyl CoAs
Status Expected and Not Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
State Solid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point Not Available Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility Not Available Not Available
LogP -3.019 Not Available
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
Water Solubility 3.71 g/L ALOGPS
LogP -0.28 ALOGPS
LogP -6.2 ChemAxon
LogS -2.38 ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic) 0.83 ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic) 4.95 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 18 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 10 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 383.86 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 24 ChemAxon
Refractivity 192.15 ChemAxon
Polarizability 78.5 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge -4 ChemAxon
Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations Not Available
Tissue Location Not Available
Name SMPDB Link KEGG Link
Fatty acid Metabolism SMP00051 map00071 Link_out
Fatty Acid Elongation In Mitochondria SMP00054 map00062 Link_out
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Short Chain Saturated Fatty Acids SMP00480 Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References None
Associated OMIM IDs None
DrugBank ID Not Available
DrugBank Metabolite ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
FoodDB ID FDB023261
KNApSAcK ID Not Available
Chemspider ID 389507 Link_out
KEGG Compound ID C05268 Link_out
BioCyc ID Not Available
BiGG ID Not Available
Wikipedia Link Not Available
NuGOwiki Link HMDB03942 Link_out
Metagene Link HMDB03942 Link_out
METLIN ID Not Available
PubChem Compound 440609 Link_out
PDB ID Not Available
ChEBI ID 28276 Link_out
Synthesis Reference Tamvakopoulos, Constantine S.; Anderson, Vernon E. Detection of acyl-coenzyme A thioester intermediates of fatty acid b-oxidation as the N-acylglycines by negative-ion chemical ionization gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
General References
  1. Dalluge JJ, Gort S, Hobson R, Selifonova O, Amore F, Gokarn R: Separation and identification of organic acid-coenzyme A thioesters using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2002 Nov;374(5):835-40. Epub 2002 Oct 8. Pubmed: 12434239 Link_out
  2. Klees AG, Linder D, Buckel W: 2-Hydroxyglutaryl-CoA dehydratase from Fusobacterium nucleatum (subsp. nucleatum): an iron-sulfur flavoprotein. Arch Microbiol. 1992;158(4):294-301. Pubmed: 1417419 Link_out
  3. Kim J, Hetzel M, Boiangiu CD, Buckel W: Dehydration of (R)-2-hydroxyacyl-CoA to enoyl-CoA in the fermentation of alpha-amino acids by anaerobic bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2004 Oct;28(4):455-68. Pubmed: 15374661 Link_out
  4. Hofmeister AE, Buckel W: (R)-lactyl-CoA dehydratase from Clostridium propionicum. Stereochemistry of the dehydration of (R)-2-hydroxybutyryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA. Eur J Biochem. 1992 Jun 1;206(2):547-52. Pubmed: 1597194 Link_out
  5. Kuchta RD, Hanson GR, Holmquist B, Abeles RH: Fe-S centers in lactyl-CoA dehydratase. Biochemistry. 1986 Nov 18;25(23):7301-7. Pubmed: 3026450 Link_out
  6. Kuchta RD, Abeles RH: Lactate reduction in Clostridium propionicum. Purification and properties of lactyl-CoA dehydratase. J Biol Chem. 1985 Oct 25;260(24):13181-9. Pubmed: 4055736 Link_out
  7. Sokatch JR: Alanine and aspartate formation during growth on valine-C14 by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Bacteriol. 1966 Jul;92(1):72-5. Pubmed: 4957438 Link_out
  8. Megraw RE, Reeves HC, Ajl SJ: Formation of lactyl-coenzyme A and pyruvyl-coenzyme A from lactic acid by Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1965 Oct;90(4):984-8. Pubmed: 5321404 Link_out

Name: 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type-2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: HSD17B10
Uniprot ID: Q99714 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD unknown 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA unknown trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + Water details
Gene Name: EHHADH
Uniprot ID: Q08426 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD unknown 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: HADH
Uniprot ID: Q16836 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Enoyl-CoA hydratase, mitochondrial
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA unknown trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + Water details
Gene Name: ECHS1
Uniprot ID: P30084 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Trifunctional enzyme subunit alpha, mitochondrial
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD unknown 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA unknown trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + Water details
Gene Name: HADHA
Uniprot ID: P40939 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: HSD17B4
Uniprot ID: P51659 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA