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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:50:32 UTC
Update Date2017-09-21 20:46:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003943
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03943
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA
Description3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in Fatty acid elongation in mitochondria. 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA is the 3rd to last step in the synthesis of Hexanoyl-CoA and is converted from Butanoyl-CoA via the enzyme acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 2 (EC 2.3.1.16). It is then converted to (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA via the 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.35).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Ketohexanoyl coa.HMDB
3-Ketohexanoyl coenzyme A.HMDB
3-Oxohexanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Ketohexanoyl-CoAHMDB
Ketohexanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H44N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight879.661
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight879.167637865
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxohexanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxohexanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number19774-86-8
SMILES
CCCC(=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-15(35)10-18(37)56-9-8-29-17(36)6-7-30-25(40)22(39)27(2,3)12-49-55(46,47)52-54(44,45)48-11-16-21(51-53(41,42)43)20(38)26(50-16)34-14-33-19-23(28)31-13-32-24(19)34/h13-14,16,20-22,26,38-39H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,29,36)(H,30,40)(H,44,45)(H,46,47)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,41,42,43)/t16-,20-,21-,22?,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyNFOYYXQAVVYWKV-ZOGSZLKASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as 3-oxo-acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a 3-oxo acylated coenzyme A derivative.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct Parent3-oxo-acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Ketone
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Azacycle
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-3.064Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.43 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.04ALOGPS
logP-5.6ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity191.33 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability77.82 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1901000120-68f6500665ed8e511dc7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0912000000-54a826f27a4c6ba4efb3View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-0fb092f4177cad6035baView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01u0-4911030340-b74454836fd5a8474037View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3910110010-eb4a9cd58caa577306dcView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-70d1d4cf63d535a9c95cView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (I)Pw000514Pw000514 greyscalePw000514 simpleNot Available
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (II)Pw000517Pw000517 greyscalePw000517 simpleNot Available
Ethylmalonic EncephalopathyPw000106Pw000106 greyscalePw000106 simpleNot Available
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaPw000022Pw000022 greyscalePw000022 simpleMap00062
Fatty acid MetabolismPw000023Pw000023 greyscalePw000023 simpleMap00071
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 14 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023262
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389508
KEGG Compound IDC05269
BioCyc IDK-HEXANOYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0003943
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440610
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27648
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BWD1
Molecular weight:
41350.5
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Plays a major role in ketone body metabolism.
Gene Name:
ACAT1
Uniprot ID:
P24752
Molecular weight:
45199.2
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Functions in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Part of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, an enzyme composed of MRPP1/TRMT10C, MRPP2/HSD17B10 and MRPP3/KIAA0391, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends. By interacting with intracellular amyloid-beta, it may contribute to the neuronal dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD).
Gene Name:
HSD17B10
Uniprot ID:
Q99714
Molecular weight:
25983.695
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Plays an essential role in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain fatty acids. Exerts it highest activity toward 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HADH
Uniprot ID:
Q16836
Molecular weight:
36035.11
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715