You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:50:32 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:12:51 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03943
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA
Description3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in Fatty acid elongation in mitochondria. 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA is the 3rd to last step in the synthesis of Hexanoyl-CoA and is converted from Butanoyl-CoA via the enzyme acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 2 (EC 2.3.1.16). It is then converted to (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA via the 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.35).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 3-Ketohexanoyl CoA.
  2. 3-Ketohexanoyl Coenzyme A.
  3. 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA
  4. 3-Oxohexanoyl-Coenzyme A
  5. Ketohexanoyl-CoA
  6. Ketohexanoyl-Coenzyme A
Chemical FormulaC27H44N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight879.661
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight879.167637865
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxohexanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxohexanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number19774-86-8
SMILES
CCCC(=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-15(35)10-18(37)56-9-8-29-17(36)6-7-30-25(40)22(39)27(2,3)12-49-55(46,47)52-54(44,45)48-11-16-21(51-53(41,42)43)20(38)26(50-16)34-14-33-19-23(28)31-13-32-24(19)34/h13-14,16,20-22,26,38-39H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,29,36)(H,30,40)(H,44,45)(H,46,47)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,41,42,43)/t16-,20-,21-,22?,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyNFOYYXQAVVYWKV-ZOGSZLKASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassFatty Acid Esters
Sub ClassAcyl CoAs
Other Descriptors
  • Acyl CoAs
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Fatty acyl CoAs(KEGG)
Substituents
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Carboxylic Thioester
  • Coenzyme A
  • Disaccharide Phosphate
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Ketone
  • Mixed Pentose/Hexose Disaccharide
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Purine Ribonucleoside 3',5' Bisphosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
  • Thiocarboxylic Acid Ester
Direct Parent3-Oxo-acyl CoAs
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-3.064Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.43 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.04ALOGPS
logP-5.6ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity191.33ChemAxon
Polarizability77.82ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaSMP00054map00062
Fatty acid MetabolismSMP00051map00071
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Short Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00480Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023262
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389508
KEGG Compound IDC05269
BioCyc IDK-HEXANOYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03943
Metagene LinkHMDB03943
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440610
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27648
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BWD1
Molecular weight:
41350.5
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Plays a major role in ketone body metabolism.
Gene Name:
ACAT1
Uniprot ID:
P24752
Molecular weight:
45199.2
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Butyryl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Functions in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Part of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, an enzyme composed of MRPP1/TRMT10C, MRPP2/HSD17B10 and MRPP3/KIAA0391, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends. By interacting with intracellular amyloid-beta, it may contribute to the neuronal dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD).
Gene Name:
HSD17B10
Uniprot ID:
Q99714
Molecular weight:
25983.695
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Plays an essential role in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain fatty acids. Exerts it highest activity toward 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HADH
Uniprot ID:
Q16836
Molecular weight:
36035.11
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715