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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:18:00 UTC
Update Date2020-02-05 17:33:52 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002644
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02644
Metabolite Identification
Common NameN-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,7-dihydroxy-24-oxo-12-(sulfooxy)cholan-24-yl]-Glycine
DescriptionN-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,7-dihydroxy-24-oxo-12-(sulfooxy)cholan-24-yl]-Glycine is an acyl glycine and a bile acid-glycine conjugate. It is a secondary bile acid produced by the action of enzymes existing in the microbial flora of the colonic environment. In hepatocytes, both primary and secondary bile acids undergo amino acid conjugation at the C-24 carboxylic acid on the side chain, and almost all bile acids in the bile duct therefore exist in a glycine conjugated form (PMID: 16949895 ).
Structure
Data?1563860735
Synonyms
ValueSource
N-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,7-Dihydroxy-24-oxo-12-(sulphooxy)cholan-24-yl]-glycineGenerator
Cholane glycine derivativeHMDB
2-{[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-16-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-1-hydroxypentylidene]amino}acetateHMDB
2-{[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-16-(sulphooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-1-hydroxypentylidene]amino}acetateHMDB
2-{[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-16-(sulphooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-1-hydroxypentylidene]amino}acetic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H43NO9S
Average Molecular Weight545.686
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight545.265852669
IUPAC Name2-[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-16-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
Traditional Name[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-16-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
CAS Registry Number74723-17-4
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](O)CC[C@]1(C)C1C[C@H](OS(O)(=O)=O)[C@]3(C)[C@H](CCC3C1[C@H](O)C2)[C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H43NO9S/c1-14(4-7-22(30)27-13-23(31)32)17-5-6-18-24-19(12-21(26(17,18)3)36-37(33,34)35)25(2)9-8-16(28)10-15(25)11-20(24)29/h14-21,24,28-29H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,30)(H,31,32)(H,33,34,35)/t14-,15+,16-,17-,18?,19?,20-,21+,24?,25+,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyJZLKXIMBAHDSBJ-NLKBZSSJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinated bile acids and derivatives. Glycinated bile acids and derivatives are compounds with a structure characterized by the presence of a glycine linked to a bile acid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentGlycinated bile acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Sulfated steroid skeleton
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acyl
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.18 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.22ALOGPS
logP0.031ChemAxon
logS-3.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.24ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area170.46 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity133.58 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability57.21 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ul9-1312590000-e6e12f3b85e0c449c978Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-2110129000-0629110aa01dadcab2f8Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-2000490000-27e70761b1de239308f1Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0059-6000920000-b8d7b7596079569e926eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004i-9202510000-b31c379899e79ca961f3Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-002f-0000290000-f5afc42d6a3480129a02Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-006t-3000930000-19c707086f28600fedc7Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9101100000-d3c88f9e9fa504ae77cdSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Gall Bladder
  • Intestine
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023038
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID13628380
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6730
PubChem Compound21252319
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Goto T, Myint KT, Sato K, Wada O, Kakiyama G, Iida T, Hishinuma T, Mano N, Goto J: LC/ESI-tandem mass spectrometric determination of bile acid 3-sulfates in human urine 3beta-Sulfooxy-12alpha-hydroxy-5beta-cholanoic acid is an abundant nonamidated sulfate. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Feb 1;846(1-2):69-77. Epub 2006 Sep 1. [PubMed:16949895 ]
  2. Goto J, Chikai T, Nambara T: Studies on steroids. CCXXVII. Separation and determination of bile acid 7- and 12-sulphates in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence labelling. J Chromatogr. 1987 Mar 20;415(1):45-52. [PubMed:3584362 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine and glutamine, although much less efficiently. Can conjugate numerous substrates to form a variety of N-acylglycines, with a preference for benzoyl-CoA over phenylacetyl-CoA as acyl donors. Thereby detoxify xenobiotics, such as benzoic acid or salicylic acid, and endogenous organic acids, such as isovaleric acid.
Gene Name:
GLYAT
Uniprot ID:
Q6IB77
Molecular weight:
18506.33
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glutamine. Can use phenylacetyl-CoA as an acyl donor.
Gene Name:
GLYATL1
Uniprot ID:
Q969I3
Molecular weight:
35100.895
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine. Conjugates numerous substrates, such as arachidonoyl-CoA and saturated medium and long-chain acyl-CoAs ranging from chain-length C8:0-CoA to C18:0-CoA, to form a variety of N-acylglycines. Shows a preference for monounsaturated fatty acid oleoyl-CoA (C18:1-CoA) as an acyl donor. Does not exhibit any activity toward C22:6-CoA and chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA, nor toward serine or alanine.
Gene Name:
GLYATL2
Uniprot ID:
Q8WU03
Molecular weight:
34277.055
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N- terminus of glycine
Gene Name:
GLYATL3
Uniprot ID:
Q5SZD4
Molecular weight:
32703.3