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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 20:18:24 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0015403
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB15403
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLumiracoxib
DescriptionLumiracoxib is a COX-2 selective inhibitor non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. On August 11, 2007, Australia's Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA, the Australian equivalent of the FDA) cancelled the registration of lumiracoxib in Australia due to concerns that it may cause liver failure. New Zealand and Canada have also followed suit in recalling the drug.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-((2-chloro-6-Fluorophenyl)amino)-5-methylbenzeneacetic acidChEBI
COX 189ChEBI
COX-189ChEBI
COX189ChEBI
LumiracoxibumChEBI
PrexigeChEBI
2-((2-chloro-6-Fluorophenyl)amino)-5-methylbenzeneacetateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC15H13ClFNO2
Average Molecular Weight293.721
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight293.061884577
IUPAC Name2-{2-[(2-chloro-6-fluorophenyl)amino]-5-methylphenyl}acetic acid
Traditional Namelumiracoxib
CAS Registry Number220991-20-8
SMILES
CC1=CC=C(NC2=C(Cl)C=CC=C2F)C(CC(O)=O)=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H13ClFNO2/c1-9-5-6-13(10(7-9)8-14(19)20)18-15-11(16)3-2-4-12(15)17/h2-7,18H,8H2,1H3,(H,19,20)
InChI KeyKHPKQFYUPIUARC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminotoluenes. These are organic aromatic compounds containing a benzene that carries a single methyl group and one amino group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassToluenes
Direct ParentAminotoluenes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aminotoluene
  • Aniline or substituted anilines
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Fluorobenzene
  • Halobenzene
  • Aryl chloride
  • Aryl fluoride
  • Aryl halide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Secondary amine
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Amine
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organofluoride
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.0055 g/LNot Available
LogP3.9Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0055 g/LALOGPS
logP4.56ALOGPS
logP4.31ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.11ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area49.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity75.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability28.53 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-2290000000-3dc98edbc540838a7548View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00g1-9152000000-5997fd55576c52d1c4b4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002f-0090000000-df6ae4f2e3e5251bab0dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-0090000000-4e4dbea4d96e0566d989View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001j-2190000000-a2a86d3a4122bc5a8756View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0007-0090000000-e36154890c850cdb9918View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0007-0090000000-554e0c5cc5da60a0d0b4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-05cv-3390000000-1fff2d7114e1511e7bb0View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01283 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01283 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01283
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID133236
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkLumiracoxib
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound151166
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID73044
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular weight:
59940.495
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
Mediates the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonate. May have a role as a major mediator of inflammation and/or a role for prostanoid signaling in activity-dependent plasticity.
Gene Name:
PTGS2
Uniprot ID:
P35354
Molecular weight:
68995.625
References
  1. Capone ML, Tacconelli S, Sciulli MG, Patrignani P: Clinical pharmacology of selective COX-2 inhibitors. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2003 May-Aug;16(2 Suppl):49-58. [PubMed:14552704 ]
  2. Tacconelli S, Capone ML, Patrignani P: Clinical pharmacology of novel selective COX-2 inhibitors. Curr Pharm Des. 2004;10(6):589-601. [PubMed:14965322 ]
  3. Atherton C, Jones J, McKaig B, Bebb J, Cunliffe R, Burdsall J, Brough J, Stevenson D, Bonner J, Rordorf C, Scott G, Branson J, Hawkey CJ: Pharmacology and gastrointestinal safety of lumiracoxib, a novel cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor: An integrated study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Feb;2(2):113-20. [PubMed:15017615 ]
  4. Kalbag J, Yeh CM, Milosavljev S, Lasseter K, Oberstein S, Rordorf C: No influence of moderate hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of lumiracoxib, an oral COX-2 selective inhibitor. Pharmacol Res. 2004 Aug;50(2):181-6. [PubMed:15177307 ]
  5. Esser R, Berry C, Du Z, Dawson J, Fox A, Fujimoto RA, Haston W, Kimble EF, Koehler J, Peppard J, Quadros E, Quintavalla J, Toscano K, Urban L, van Duzer J, Zhang X, Zhou S, Marshall PJ: Preclinical pharmacology of lumiracoxib: a novel selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Feb;144(4):538-50. [PubMed:15655513 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
May play an important role in regulating or promoting cell proliferation in some normal and neoplastically transformed cells.
Gene Name:
PTGS1
Uniprot ID:
P23219
Molecular weight:
68685.82
References
  1. Capone ML, Tacconelli S, Sciulli MG, Patrignani P: Clinical pharmacology of selective COX-2 inhibitors. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2003 May-Aug;16(2 Suppl):49-58. [PubMed:14552704 ]
  2. Esser R, Berry C, Du Z, Dawson J, Fox A, Fujimoto RA, Haston W, Kimble EF, Koehler J, Peppard J, Quadros E, Quintavalla J, Toscano K, Urban L, van Duzer J, Zhang X, Zhou S, Marshall PJ: Preclinical pharmacology of lumiracoxib: a novel selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Feb;144(4):538-50. [PubMed:15655513 ]
  3. Jermany J, Branson J, Schmouder R, Guillaume M, Rordorf C: Lumiracoxib does not affect the ex vivo antiplatelet aggregation activity of low-dose aspirin in healthy subjects. J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Oct;45(10):1172-8. [PubMed:16172182 ]
  4. Warner TD, Vojnovic I, Bishop-Bailey D, Mitchell JA: Influence of plasma protein on the potencies of inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2. FASEB J. 2006 Mar;20(3):542-4. Epub 2006 Jan 10. [PubMed:16403783 ]
  5. Blobaum AL, Marnett LJ: Molecular determinants for the selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 by lumiracoxib. J Biol Chem. 2007 Jun 1;282(22):16379-90. Epub 2007 Apr 12. [PubMed:17434872 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
Gene Name:
CYP2C19
Uniprot ID:
P33261
Molecular weight:
55944.565
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Most active in catalyzing 2-hydroxylation. Caffeine is metabolized primarily by cytochrome CYP1A2 in the liver through an initial N3-demethylation. Also acts in the metabolism of aflatoxin B1 and acetaminophen. Participates in the bioactivation of carcinogenic aromatic and heterocyclic amines. Catalizes the N-hydroxylation of heterocyclic amines and the O-deethylation of phenacetin.
Gene Name:
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID:
P05177
Molecular weight:
58406.915
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]