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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2014-10-30 19:09:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00511
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCapric acid
DescriptionCapric acid is a member of the series of fatty acids found in oils and animal fats. The names of Caproic, Caprylic, and Capric acids are all derived from the word caper (Latin: 'goat'). These are colorless light yellowish transparent oily liquids with unconfortable smells. These are used in organic synthesis, manufacture of perfume, medicine, lubricating grease, rubber and dye.(ChemicalLAND21).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 1-Nonanecarboxylate
  2. 1-Nonanecarboxylic acid
  3. Caprate
  4. Capric acid
  5. Caprinate
  6. Caprinic acid
  7. Caprynate
  8. Caprynic acid
  9. Decanoate
  10. Decanoic acid
  11. Decoate
  12. Decoic acid
  13. Decylate
  14. Decylic acid
  15. Emery 659
  16. Lunac 10-95
  17. Lunac 10-98
  18. N-Caprate
  19. N-Capric acid
  20. N-Decanoate
  21. N-Decanoic acid
  22. N-Decoate
  23. N-Decoic acid
  24. N-Decylate
  25. N-Decylic acid
  26. Prifac 2906
  27. Prifac 296
Chemical FormulaC10H20O2
Average Molecular Weight172.2646
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight172.146329884
IUPAC Namedecanoic acid
Traditional Namedecanoic acid
CAS Registry Number334-48-5
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H20O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10(11)12/h2-9H2,1H3,(H,11,12)
InChI KeyGHVNFZFCNZKVNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassFatty Acids and Conjugates
Sub ClassStraight Chain Fatty Acids
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
  • Organic Compounds
  • Saturated fatty acids(KEGG)
  • Straight chain fatty acids(KEGG)
  • Straight chain fatty acids(Lipidmaps)
  • medium-chain fatty acid(ChEBI)
  • straight-chain saturated fatty acid(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • Carboxylic Acid
Direct ParentStraight Chain Fatty Acids
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point31.9 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.0618 mg/mLNot Available
LogP4.09HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.095 g/LALOGPS
logP3.93ALOGPS
logP3.59ChemAxon
logS-3.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity49.48ChemAxon
Polarizability21.61ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraGC-MSMS/MSLC-MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Stratum Corneum
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Beta Oxidation of Very Long Chain Fatty AcidsSMP00052map01040
Fatty Acid BiosynthesisSMP00456Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified11.0 (5.0-17.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothBreast cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB03600
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012027
KNApSAcK IDC00001213
Chemspider ID2863
KEGG Compound IDC01571
BioCyc ID3-OXODODECANOATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCapric acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00511
Metagene LinkHMDB00511
METLIN ID336
PubChem Compound2969
PDB IDDKA
ChEBI ID30813
References
Synthesis ReferenceWang, Qin; Ni, Xindi; Shi, Jianying. Manufacturing technology of capric acid and hydroxyalkyl amide from Litsea cubeba nucleolus oil. Huaxue Shijie (1993), 34(2), 84-7.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30. Pubmed: 12829005
  2. Farrington CJ, Chalmers AH: Gas-chromatographic estimation of urinary oxalate and its comparison with a colorimetric method. Clin Chem. 1979 Dec;25(12):1993-6. Pubmed: 509698
  3. Lima TM, Kanunfre CC, Pompeia C, Verlengia R, Curi R: Ranking the toxicity of fatty acids on Jurkat and Raji cells by flow cytometric analysis. Toxicol In Vitro. 2002 Dec;16(6):741-7. Pubmed: 12423658
  4. Wanten GJ, Janssen FP, Naber AH: Saturated triglycerides and fatty acids activate neutrophils depending on carbon chain-length. Eur J Clin Invest. 2002 Apr;32(4):285-9. Pubmed: 11952815
  5. Lindmark T, Kimura Y, Artursson P: Absorption enhancement through intracellular regulation of tight junction permeability by medium chain fatty acids in Caco-2 cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Jan;284(1):362-9. Pubmed: 9435199
  6. Kaiya H, Van Der Geyten S, Kojima M, Hosoda H, Kitajima Y, Matsumoto M, Geelissen S, Darras VM, Kangawa K: Chicken ghrelin: purification, cDNA cloning, and biological activity. Endocrinology. 2002 Sep;143(9):3454-63. Pubmed: 12193558
  7. Eriksson T, Bjorkman S, Roth B, Fyge A, Hoglund P: Enantiomers of thalidomide: blood distribution and the influence of serum albumin on chiral inversion and hydrolysis. Chirality. 1998;10(3):223-8. Pubmed: 9499573
  8. Da Silva MA, Medeiros VC, Langone MA, Freire DM: Synthesis of monocaprin catalyzed by lipase. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2003 Spring;105 -108:757-67. Pubmed: 12721413
  9. Imai T, Sakai M, Ohtake H, Azuma H, Otagiri M: Absorption-enhancing effect of glycyrrhizin induced in the presence of capric acid. Int J Pharm. 2005 Apr 27;294(1-2):11-21. Pubmed: 15814227
  10. Leopold CS, Lippold BC: An attempt to clarify the mechanism of the penetration enhancing effects of lipophilic vehicles with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). J Pharm Pharmacol. 1995 Apr;47(4):276-81. Pubmed: 7791023
  11. Saso L, Valentini G, Grippa E, Leone MG, Silvestrini B: Effect of selected substances on heat-induced aggregation of albumin, IgG and lysozyme. Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 1998 Oct;102(1):15-28. Pubmed: 9920343
  12. Kaiya H, Kojima M, Hosoda H, Riley LG, Hirano T, Grau EG, Kangawa K: Identification of tilapia ghrelin and its effects on growth hormone and prolactin release in the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Jul;135(3):421-9. Pubmed: 12831762
  13. Coyne CB, Ribeiro CM, Boucher RC, Johnson LG: Acute mechanism of medium chain fatty acid-induced enhancement of airway epithelial permeability. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 May;305(2):440-50. Epub 2003 Feb 11. Pubmed: 12606647
  14. Tanaka S, Saitoh O, Tabata K, Matsuse R, Kojima K, Sugi K, Nakagawa K, Kayazawa M, Teranishi T, Uchida K, Hirata I, Katsu K: Medium-chain fatty acids stimulate interleukin-8 production in Caco-2 cells with different mechanisms from long-chain fatty acids. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001 Jul;16(7):748-54. Pubmed: 11446882
  15. Duran M, Mitchell G, de Klerk JB, de Jager JP, Hofkamp M, Bruinvis L, Ketting D, Saudubray JM, Wadman SK: Octanoic acidemia and octanoylcarnitine excretion with dicarboxylic aciduria due to defective oxidation of medium-chain fatty acids. J Pediatr. 1985 Sep;107(3):397-404. Pubmed: 4032135
  16. Wallon C, Braaf Y, Wolving M, Olaison G, Soderholm JD: Endoscopic biopsies in Ussing chambers evaluated for studies of macromolecular permeability in the human colon. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005 May;40(5):586-95. Pubmed: 16036512
  17. Van Immerseel F, De Buck J, Boyen F, Bohez L, Pasmans F, Volf J, Sevcik M, Rychlik I, Haesebrouck F, Ducatelle R: Medium-chain fatty acids decrease colonization and invasion through hilA suppression shortly after infection of chickens with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Jun;70(6):3582-7. Pubmed: 15184160

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Beta-oxidation of fatty acids. The highest activity concerns the C6 to C10 chain length substrate. Converts the end product of pristanic acid beta oxidation, 4,8-dimethylnonanoyl-CoA, to its corresponding carnitine ester.
Gene Name:
CROT
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKG9
Molecular weight:
10213.63
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
CPT2
Uniprot ID:
P23786
Molecular weight:
73776.335
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the transport of acylcarnitines of different length across the mitochondrial inner membrane from the cytosol to the mitochondrial matrix for their oxidation by the mitochondrial fatty acid-oxidation pathway.
Gene Name:
SLC25A20
Uniprot ID:
O43772
Molecular weight:
32943.46
General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Furin is likely to represent the ubiquitous endoprotease activity within constitutive secretory pathways and capable of cleavage at the RX(K/R)R consensus motif
Gene Name:
FURIN
Uniprot ID:
P09958
Molecular weight:
86677.4
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in glycolipid transporter activity
Specific function:
Accelerates the intermembrane transfer of various glycolipids. Catalyzes the transfer of various glycosphingolipids between membranes but does not catalyze the transfer of phospholipids. May be involved in the intracellular translocation of glucosylceramides
Gene Name:
GLTP
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZD2
Molecular weight:
23849.6
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235