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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:59 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:44 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02640
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameN-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,12-dihydroxy-24-oxo-7-(sulfooxy)cholan-24-yl]-Glycine
DescriptionN-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,12-dihydroxy-24-oxo-7-(sulfooxy)cholan-24-yl]-Glycine is an acyl glycine and a sulfated bile acid-glycine conjugate. It is a secondary bile acid produced by the action of enzymes existing in the microbial flora of the colonic environment. In hepatocytes, both primary and secondary bile acids undergo amino acid conjugation at the C-24 carboxylic acid on the side chain, and almost all bile acids in the bile duct therefore exist in a glycine conjugated form (PMID:16949895 ). As a bile acid sulfate, N-[(3a,5b,7a,12a)-3,12-dihydroxy-24-oxo-7-(sulfooxy)cholan-24-yl]-Glycine is typically found in urine. These conjugates are formed as a part of detoxification of endogenous and exogenous components in the body (PMID:3584362 ).
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC26H43NO9S
Average Molecular Weight545.686
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight545.265852669
IUPAC Name2-[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-9-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
Traditional Name[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,14R,15R,16S)-5,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-9-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
CAS Registry Number71977-73-6
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](O)CC[C@]1(C)C1C[C@H](O)[C@]3(C)[C@H](CCC3C1[C@@H](C2)OS(O)(=O)=O)[C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H43NO9S/c1-14(4-7-22(30)27-13-23(31)32)17-5-6-18-24-19(12-21(29)26(17,18)3)25(2)9-8-16(28)10-15(25)11-20(24)36-37(33,34)35/h14-21,24,28-29H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,30)(H,31,32)(H,33,34,35)/t14-,15+,16-,17-,18?,19?,20-,21+,24?,25+,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=BJPPZTDOLXZUSK-NLKBZSSJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinated bile acids and derivatives. These are compounds with a structure characterized by the presence of a glycine linked to a bile acid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentGlycinated bile acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Glycinated bile acid skeleton
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Sulfated steroid
  • 7-sulfated steroid
  • Sulfated steroid skeleton
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • N-acyl-aliphatic-alpha amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfate-ester
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Microbial
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.18 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.19ALOGPS
logP0.059ChemAxon
logS-3.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.1ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.13ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area170.46 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity133.58 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability58.04 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Gall Bladder
  • Intestine
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023035
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID13628378
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02640
Metagene LinkHMDB02640
METLIN ID6726
PubChem Compound21252317
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Goto T, Myint KT, Sato K, Wada O, Kakiyama G, Iida T, Hishinuma T, Mano N, Goto J: LC/ESI-tandem mass spectrometric determination of bile acid 3-sulfates in human urine 3beta-Sulfooxy-12alpha-hydroxy-5beta-cholanoic acid is an abundant nonamidated sulfate. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Feb 1;846(1-2):69-77. Epub 2006 Sep 1. [16949895 ]
  2. Goto J, Chikai T, Nambara T: Studies on steroids. CCXXVII. Separation and determination of bile acid 7- and 12-sulphates in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence labelling. J Chromatogr. 1987 Mar 20;415(1):45-52. [3584362 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine and glutamine, although much less efficiently. Can conjugate numerous substrates to form a variety of N-acylglycines, with a preference for benzoyl-CoA over phenylacetyl-CoA as acyl donors. Thereby detoxify xenobiotics, such as benzoic acid or salicylic acid, and endogenous organic acids, such as isovaleric acid.
Gene Name:
GLYAT
Uniprot ID:
Q6IB77
Molecular weight:
18506.33
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glutamine. Can use phenylacetyl-CoA as an acyl donor.
Gene Name:
GLYATL1
Uniprot ID:
Q969I3
Molecular weight:
35100.895
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine. Conjugates numerous substrates, such as arachidonoyl-CoA and saturated medium and long-chain acyl-CoAs ranging from chain-length C8:0-CoA to C18:0-CoA, to form a variety of N-acylglycines. Shows a preference for monounsaturated fatty acid oleoyl-CoA (C18:1-CoA) as an acyl donor. Does not exhibit any activity toward C22:6-CoA and chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA, nor toward serine or alanine.
Gene Name:
GLYATL2
Uniprot ID:
Q8WU03
Molecular weight:
34277.055
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N- terminus of glycine
Gene Name:
GLYATL3
Uniprot ID:
Q5SZD4
Molecular weight:
32703.3