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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:32:06 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15260
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBicalutamide
DescriptionBicalutamide is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is an oral non-steroidal anti-androgen for prostate cancer. It binds to the androgen receptor.Bicalutamide competes with androgen for the binding of androgen receptors, consequently blocking the action of androgens of adrenal and testicular origin which stimulate the growth of normal and malignant prostatic tissue.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
CasodexKegg
Chemical FormulaC18H14F4N2O4S
Average Molecular Weight430.373
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight430.061040456
IUPAC NameN-[4-cyano-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-(4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanamide
Traditional Namebicalutamide
CAS Registry Number90357-06-5
SMILES
CC(O)(CS(=O)(=O)C1=CC=C(F)C=C1)C(=O)NC1=CC(=C(C=C1)C#N)C(F)(F)F
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C18H14F4N2O4S/c1-17(26,10-29(27,28)14-6-3-12(19)4-7-14)16(25)24-13-5-2-11(9-23)15(8-13)18(20,21)22/h2-8,26H,10H2,1H3,(H,24,25)
InChI KeyInChIKey=LKJPYSCBVHEWIU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as n-arylamides. These are organic compounds that contain a carboxamide group that is N-linked to a aryl group. They have the generic structure RC(=O)N(R')H, R = organyl group and R'= aryl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
ClassN-arylamides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentN-arylamides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • N-arylamide
  • Benzonitrile
  • Halobenzene
  • Fluorobenzene
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl fluoride
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Sulfonyl
  • Sulfone
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Nitrile
  • Carbonitrile
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl fluoride
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Androgen Antagonists
  • Antineoplastic Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point191 - 193 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility9.28e-03 g/LNot Available
LogP2.5Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0093 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.7ALOGPS
logP2.71ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.95ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.26 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity96.59 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability36.68 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01128
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01128
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-2 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-1 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01128
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID2284
KEGG Compound IDC08160
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBicalutamide
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15260
Metagene LinkHMDB15260
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound2375
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID100717
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Cockshott ID: Bicalutamide: clinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2004;43(13):855-78. [15509184 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Cockshott ID: Bicalutamide: clinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2004;43(13):855-78. [15509184 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
Gene Name:
CYP2C19
Uniprot ID:
P33261
Molecular weight:
55944.565
References
  1. Cockshott ID: Bicalutamide: clinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2004;43(13):855-78. [15509184 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
References
  1. Cockshott ID: Bicalutamide: clinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2004;43(13):855-78. [15509184 ]
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
Steroid hormone receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Transcription factor activity is modulated by bound coactivator and corepressor proteins. Transcription activation is down-regulated by NR0B2. Activated, but not phosphorylated, by HIPK3
Gene Name:
AR
Uniprot ID:
P10275
Molecular weight:
98987.9
References
  1. Wang LG, Liu XM, Kreis W, Budman DR: Androgen antagonistic effect of estramustine phosphate (EMP) metabolites on wild-type and mutated androgen receptor. Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 May 1;55(9):1427-33. [10076535 ]
  2. Chang HC, Miyamoto H, Marwah P, Lardy H, Yeh S, Huang KE, Chang C: Suppression of Delta(5)-androstenediol-induced androgen receptor transactivation by selective steroids in human prostate cancer cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Sep 28;96(20):11173-7. [10500149 ]
  3. Laufer M, Sinibaldi VJ, Carducci MA, Eisenberger MA: Rapid disease progression after the administration of bicalutamide in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Urology. 1999 Oct;54(4):745. [10754148 ]
  4. Bouchal J, Kolar Z, Mad'arova J, Hlobilkova A, von Angerer E: The effects of natural ligands of hormone receptors and their antagonists on telomerase activity in the androgen sensitive prostatic cancer cell line LNCaP. Biochem Pharmacol. 2002 Mar 15;63(6):1177-81. [11931851 ]
  5. Hara T, Miyazaki J, Araki H, Yamaoka M, Kanzaki N, Kusaka M, Miyamoto M: Novel mutations of androgen receptor: a possible mechanism of bicalutamide withdrawal syndrome. Cancer Res. 2003 Jan 1;63(1):149-53. [12517791 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]