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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 19:43:10 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:44 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB04486
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB60109
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGeranylgeranyl-PP
DescriptionGeranylgeranyl pyrophosphate is an intermediate in the HMG-CoA reductase pathway used by organisms in the biosynthesis of terpenes and terpenoids. This compound belongs to the family of Acyclic Diterpenes. These are diterpenes (compounds made of four consecutive isoprene units) that do not contain a cycle.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
all-trans-Geranylgeranyl diphosphateChEBI
all-trans-Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphateChEBI
Geranylgeranyl diphosphateChEBI
Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphateChEBI
GGDPChEBI
all-trans-Geranylgeranyl diphosphoric acidGenerator
2-trans,6-trans,10-trans-Geranylgeranyl diphosphateHMDB
3,7,11,15-Tetramethyl-2,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenyl diphosphateHMDB
all-trans-Geranyl-geranyl-PPHMDB
Geranylgeranyl-diphosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H36O7P2
Average Molecular Weight450.4432
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight450.19362653
IUPAC Name{[hydroxy({[(2E,6E,10E)-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraen-1-yl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namegeranylgeranyl diphosphate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(C)=CCC\C(C)=C\CC\C(C)=C\CC\C(C)=C\COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H36O7P2/c1-17(2)9-6-10-18(3)11-7-12-19(4)13-8-14-20(5)15-16-26-29(24,25)27-28(21,22)23/h9,11,13,15H,6-8,10,12,14,16H2,1-5H3,(H,24,25)(H2,21,22,23)/b18-11+,19-13+,20-15+
InChI KeyInChIKey=OINNEUNVOZHBOX-QIRCYJPOSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyclic diterpenoids. These are diterpenoids (compounds made of four consecutive isoprene units) that do not contain a cycle.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassDiterpenoids
Direct ParentAcyclic diterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyclic diterpenoid
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Isoprenoid phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Component of Terpenoid biosynthesis
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0046 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.57ALOGPS
logP5.28ChemAxon
logS-5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area113.29 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count14ChemAxon
Refractivity120.53 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability47.82 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023377
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID394418
KEGG Compound IDC00353
BioCyc IDGERANYLGERANYL-PP
BiGG ID1759656
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB04486
Metagene LinkHMDB04486
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound447277
PDB IDGRG
ChEBI ID48861
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Denis M, Bissonnette R, Haidar B, Krimbou L, Bouvier M, Genest J: Expression, regulation, and activity of ABCA1 in human cell lines. Mol Genet Metab. 2003 Apr;78(4):265-74. [12706378 ]
  2. Thiele I, Swainston N, Fleming RM, Hoppe A, Sahoo S, Aurich MK, Haraldsdottir H, Mo ML, Rolfsson O, Stobbe MD, Thorleifsson SG, Agren R, Bolling C, Bordel S, Chavali AK, Dobson P, Dunn WB, Endler L, Hala D, Hucka M, Hull D, Jameson D, Jamshidi N, Jonsson JJ, Juty N, Keating S, Nookaew I, Le Novere N, Malys N, Mazein A, Papin JA, Price ND, Selkov E Sr, Sigurdsson MI, Simeonidis E, Sonnenschein N, Smallbone K, Sorokin A, van Beek JH, Weichart D, Goryanin I, Nielsen J, Westerhoff HV, Kell DB, Mendes P, Palsson BO: A community-driven global reconstruction of human metabolism. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Mar 3. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2488. [23455439 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in isoprenoid biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the trans-addition of the three molecules of IPP onto DMAPP to form geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, an important precursor of carotenoids and geranylated proteins.
Gene Name:
GGPS1
Uniprot ID:
O95749
Molecular weight:
34870.625
Reactions
Farnesyl pyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Geranylgeranyl-PPdetails
General function:
Involved in CAAX-protein geranylgeranyltransferase acti
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of a geranyl-geranyl moiety from geranyl-geranyl pyrophosphate to a cysteine at the fourth position from the C-terminus of proteins having the C-terminal sequence Cys-aliphatic-aliphatic-X. Acts on the Rac1, Rac2, Rap1A and Rap1B proteins. The beta subunit is responsible for peptide-binding.
Gene Name:
PGGT1B
Uniprot ID:
P53609
Molecular weight:
42367.81
Reactions
Geranylgeranyl-PP + protein-cysteine → S-geranylgeranyl-protein + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in protein prenyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of a farnesyl or geranyl-geranyl moiety from farnesyl or geranyl-geranyl pyrophosphate to a cysteine at the fourth position from the C-terminus of several proteins having the C-terminal sequence Cys-aliphatic-aliphatic-X. The alpha subunit is thought to participate in a stable complex with the substrate. The beta subunit binds the peptide substrate. Through RAC1 prenylation and activation may positively regulate neuromuscular junction development downstream of MUSK (By similarity).
Gene Name:
FNTA
Uniprot ID:
P49354
Molecular weight:
44408.32
Reactions
Geranylgeranyl-PP + protein-cysteine → S-geranylgeranyl-protein + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of a geranyl-geranyl moiety from geranyl-geranyl pyrophosphate to both cysteines in Rab proteins with an -XXCC, -XCXC and -CCXX C-terminal, such as RAB1A, RAB3A and RAB5A respectively.
Gene Name:
RABGGTA
Uniprot ID:
Q92696
Molecular weight:
65071.06
Reactions
Geranylgeranyl-PP + protein-cysteine → S-geranylgeranyl-protein + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of a geranyl-geranyl moiety from geranyl-geranyl pyrophosphate to both cysteines in Rab proteins with an -XXCC, -XCXC and -CCXX C-terminal, such as RAB1A, RAB3A and RAB5A respectively.
Gene Name:
RABGGTB
Uniprot ID:
P53611
Molecular weight:
36924.04
Reactions
Geranylgeranyl-PP + protein-cysteine → S-geranylgeranyl-protein + Pyrophosphatedetails