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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:03:50 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001347
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01347
  • HMDB04196
Metabolite Identification
Common NameIsopentenyl pyrophosphate
DescriptionIsopentenyl pyrophosphate, IPP or isopentenyl diphosphate, is an intermediate in the HMG-CoA reductase pathway used by organisms in the biosynthesis of terpenes and terpenoids. IPP is formed from Mevalonate-5-pyrophosphate, in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme mevalonate-5-pyrophosphate decarboxylase. (wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Methyl-3-butenyl pyrophosphateChEBI
3-Methylbut-3-en-1-yl trihydrogen diphosphateChEBI
3-Methylbut-3-enyl phosphono hydrogen phosphateChEBI
delta-3-Isopentenyl pyrophosphateChEBI
delta3-Isopentenyl diphosphateChEBI
delta3-Methyl-3-butenyl diphosphateChEBI
Diphosphoric acid mono(3-methyl-3-butenyl) esterChEBI
IPPChEBI
IPPPChEBI
mono(3-Methyl-3-butenyl) diphosphateChEBI
3-Methyl-3-butenyl pyrophosphoric acidGenerator
Isopentenyl pyrophosphoric acidGenerator
3-Methylbut-3-en-1-yl trihydrogen diphosphoric acidGenerator
3-Methylbut-3-enyl phosphono hydrogen phosphoric acidGenerator
delta-3-Isopentenyl pyrophosphoric acidGenerator
δ-3-isopentenyl pyrophosphateGenerator
δ-3-isopentenyl pyrophosphoric acidGenerator
delta3-Isopentenyl diphosphoric acidGenerator
δ3-isopentenyl diphosphateGenerator
δ3-isopentenyl diphosphoric acidGenerator
delta3-Methyl-3-butenyl diphosphoric acidGenerator
δ3-methyl-3-butenyl diphosphateGenerator
δ3-methyl-3-butenyl diphosphoric acidGenerator
Diphosphate mono(3-methyl-3-butenyl) esterGenerator
mono(3-Methyl-3-butenyl) diphosphoric acidGenerator
delta(3)-Isopentenyl-PPHMDB
delta-3-Isopentenyl pyrophosphatHMDB
IPRHMDB
Isopentenyl diphosphateHMDB
Isopentenyl-PPHMDB
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate, 4-(14)C-labeledMeSH
Chemical FormulaC5H12O7P2
Average Molecular Weight246.0921
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight246.005825762
IUPAC Name({hydroxy[(3-methylbut-3-en-1-yl)oxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameisopentenyl-diphosphate
CAS Registry Number358-71-4
SMILES
CC(=C)CCO[P@](O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H12O7P2/c1-5(2)3-4-11-14(9,10)12-13(6,7)8/h1,3-4H2,2H3,(H,9,10)(H2,6,7,8)
InChI KeyNUHSROFQTUXZQQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as isoprenoid phosphates. These are prenol lipids containing a phosphate group linked to an isoprene (2-methylbuta-1,3-diene) unit.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassPrenol lipids
Direct ParentIsoprenoid phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Isoprenoid phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

  Organ and components:

Source:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:

Role

Industrial application:

  Pharmaceutical industry:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.69 g/LALOGPS
logP0.04ALOGPS
logP0.2ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.78ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area113.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity48.21 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability19.01 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002b-9600000000-930df1e6e1c7e4eed108View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014j-9670000000-fa3d42a8ff93d345cea7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014i-9200000000-78e51dcb039157700c59View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-9100000000-a585b43371cb54efe2ebView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0490000000-391e90cfd97e6adcbb06View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9510000000-fed3169adff6f1179e01View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-5c099085cd907446a2fbView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Spleen
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Alendronate pathwayPw000137Pw000137 greyscalePw000137 simpleNot Available
Atorvastatin PathwayPw000275Pw000275 greyscalePw000275 simpleNot Available
CHILD SyndromePw000096Pw000096 greyscalePw000096 simpleNot Available
Cerivastatin PathwayPw000271Pw000271 greyscalePw000271 simpleNot Available
Cholesteryl ester storage diseasePw000484Pw000484 greyscalePw000484 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 23 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022569
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1158
KEGG Compound IDC00129
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID33956
Wikipedia LinkIsopentenyl pyrophosphate
METLIN ID6181
PubChem Compound1195
PDB IDIPE
ChEBI ID16584
References
Synthesis ReferenceKao, Chai-Lin; Kittleman, William; Zhang, Hua; Seto, Haruo; Liu, Hung-Wen. Stereochemical Analysis of Isopentenyl Diphosphate Isomerase Type II from Staphylococcus aureus Using Chemically Synthesized (S)- and (R)-[2-2H]Isopentenyl Diphosphates.Organic Let
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Daubenberger CA, Salomon M, Vecino W, Hubner B, Troll H, Rodriques R, Patarroyo ME, Pluschke G: Functional and structural similarity of V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells in humans and Aotus monkeys, a primate infection model for Plasmodium falciparum malaria. J Immunol. 2001 Dec 1;167(11):6421-30. [PubMed:11714808 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in isoprenoid biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the trans-addition of the three molecules of IPP onto DMAPP to form geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, an important precursor of carotenoids and geranylated proteins.
Gene Name:
GGPS1
Uniprot ID:
O95749
Molecular weight:
34870.625
Reactions
Dimethylallylpyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Geranyl-PPdetails
Geranyl-PP + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Farnesyl pyrophosphatedetails
Farnesyl pyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Geranylgeranyl-PPdetails
General function:
Involved in isoprenoid biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Key enzyme in isoprenoid biosynthesis which catalyzes the formation of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), a precursor for several classes of essential metabolites including sterols, dolichols, carotenoids, and ubiquinones. FPP also serves as substrate for protein farnesylation and geranylgeranylation. Catalyzes the sequential condensation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate with the allylic pyrophosphates, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, and then with the resultant geranylpyrophosphate to the ultimate product farnesyl pyrophosphate.
Gene Name:
FDPS
Uniprot ID:
P14324
Molecular weight:
48275.03
Reactions
Dimethylallylpyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Geranyl-PPdetails
Geranyl-PP + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + Farnesyl pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Performs the first committed step in the biosynthesis of isoprenes.
Gene Name:
MVD
Uniprot ID:
P53602
Molecular weight:
43404.125
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + (S)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + CO(2)details
Adenosine triphosphate + (S)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + Carbon dioxidedetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the 1,3-allylic rearrangement of the homoallylic substrate isopentenyl (IPP) to its highly electrophilic allylic isomer, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP).
Gene Name:
IDI2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXS1
Molecular weight:
26752.33
Reactions
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Dimethylallylpyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in isopentenyl-diphosphate delta-isomerase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the 1,3-allylic rearrangement of the homoallylic substrate isopentenyl (IPP) to its highly electrophilic allylic isomer, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP).
Gene Name:
IDI1
Uniprot ID:
Q13907
Molecular weight:
32485.165
Reactions
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Dimethylallylpyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
TRIT1
Uniprot ID:
Q53F11
Molecular weight:
52727.9
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Supplies decaprenyl diphosphate, the precursor for the side chain of the isoprenoid quinones ubiquinone-10.
Gene Name:
PDSS2
Uniprot ID:
Q86YH6
Molecular weight:
44128.17
Reactions
Farnesyl pyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + all-trans-Decaprenyl diphosphatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Supplies decaprenyl diphosphate, the precursor for the side chain of the isoprenoid quinones ubiquinone-10.
Gene Name:
PDSS1
Uniprot ID:
Q5T2R2
Molecular weight:
46260.6
Reactions
Farnesyl pyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate → Pyrophosphate + all-trans-Decaprenyl diphosphatedetails